They also secured invitations to local homes, thereby allowing soldiers to meet chaperoned girls of high society. Their goal was to safeguard soldiers from the twin threats of immorality and venereal disease. During World War I, Victory Girls was an organization through which girls collected pennies, nickels, and dimes to support the war effort. However, by World War II, "Victory Girls" (comparable to "Khaki-Wackies" and "Good Time Charlottes") became slang for women who offered soldiers companionship. The illustrator, Edward Penfield (1866-1925), named the father of the American Poster, was a key figure in the evolution of graphic design and is credited for bringing abstractionism to commercial art. Born in Brooklyn, New York, Penfield studied under the well-known painter George de Forest Brush and ultimately became the art director of Harper's Weekly. After leaving the magazine, Penfield traveled, chronicling his experiences in Holland Sketches (1907) and Spanish Sketches (1911).
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